Eczema: Types and Symptoms - Nanavati-Max Super Speciality Hospital, Vile Parle(W), Mumbai, India

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Eczema: What is It, Types & Causes?

Eczema is a blanket term used for a cluster of skin conditionsmarked by red, itchy skin that can be quite discomforting. The condition is very common and can be managed with proper guidance and treatment. Eczema keeps recurring and can be triggered by various factors which include direct contact with dust, allergens, pet dander, certain soaps, detergents etc. Eczema commonly affects small children. In fact, doctors hailing from the best dermatology hospital in Mumbai suggest that nearly 20 to 30 per cent of children are suffering from the same. In the majority of cases, the problem diminishes as the child grows, however, for those who do not outgrow eczema, it is a serious condition. People rarely develop eczema after 60 years of age and even if they do, it is mostly a result of some underlying medical condition. Some of the common symptoms associated with eczema include dryness, scaly skin, rashes, redness and intense itching. 

Some common types of eczema include:

• Atopic dermatitis: 

It is the most common type of eczema that usually develops in children and subsides gradually as the child grows. It is a part of the atopic “triad” (which means three). The other two conditions in the triad are hay fever and asthma. Usually, a person suffering from atopic dermatitis experiences the other two problems as well. The condition is triggered by the weakening of the skin’s protective layer thereby making it more prone to allergic reactions. The problem may be genetic or a result of some immune disorder or environmental factors. 

Some of the common symptoms associated with atopic dermatitis include:

 Rashes in the crease of elbows and knees

 Lightening or darkening of the skin in the affected areas

 Formation of tiny fluid-filled bumps that burst on being scratched

 Rashes on the cheeks and scalps (in case of babies)

 Increased skin sensitivity

• Contact dermatitis:

As the name suggests, the condition is triggered by coming in contact with a reactive substance which may include detergents, bleach, metallic jewellery, latex, paint, poison ivy, solvents and soaps. It is broadly classified into two types – allergic contact dermatitis and irritant contact dermatitis.

Common symptoms associated with contact dermatitis include: 

 Burning and stinging sensation in the ski

 Hives

 Fluid oozing blisters

 Dry and scaly skin

• Dyshidrotic eczema:

The condition is marked by the formation of tiny, fluid-filled blisters on the palms of the hands and soles of the feet. These blisters are intensely itchy and may last for about 2 to 4 weeks or even more. These are usually associated with seasonal allergies, exposure to harmful substances (e.g. cobalt, chromium and nickel), stress and damp skin. Treatment for the same is offered at all the best hospitals in Mumbai.

Common symptoms associated with dyshidrotic eczema include:

 Scaly, flaked and cracked skin

 Itching and discomfort

 Deep-set blisters 

 Redness and rashes

• Nummular eczema:

This is marked by the formation of well-defined, round, itchy-spots or lesions on the skin which resemble a coin. Owing to this unique shape, the problem looks quite different from the other types of eczema. These usually appear after a chronic skin injury and are more likely to affect men as compared to women. The problem is non-contagious and can be managed by the use of certain medication. Major symptoms triggered by nummular eczema include:

 Coin-shaped lesions

 Itching and burning sensation in the affected area

 Scaling and flaking of skin

If you are experiencing the related symptoms and want to seek expert medical help, you can find some of the best doctors for skin and cosmetic treatment in Mumbai.

Treatment for all the above-mentioned conditions is offered at Nanavati Max Hospital where you can find some of the renowned doctors offering the best skin treatment in India.

Author Bio

Dr. Kalpana Sarangi (Senior Consultant - Dermatology)

Dr. Kalpana Sarangi, Senior Consultant, Dermatology, is a leading Cosmetologist and Dermatologist of India. She is among the few qualified Skin Specialist in India to have established as a Cosmetic-Dermatologist and has over 20 years of experience.  In the year 2006 she won the Pantene Shine Award as one of the Six Beauty & Grooming Experts in India and serves on the board of several prominent national and multinational grooming brands as a scientific advisor.