The kidneys are a pair of bean-shaped organs that form a part of the excretory system. The kidneys are responsible for purifying the blood of various wastes and toxins which are then thrown out of the body along with the urine. The kidneys also regulate various metabolic activities that are vital for our existence. These are located on either side of the lower back, just below the rib cage which means that if anything is wrong with your kidneys, the pain is likely to radiate to your lower back. This is the reason why a lot of people mistake kidney pain for back pain and viceversa. Reports given by the best hospital in India have shown that a lot of patients who come to the hospital complaining of back pain have been found to be suffering from kidney stones which are the most common cause of kidney pain.
What exactly are kidney stones?
Kidney stones, also known as renal calculi,are solid deposits or clumps formed by the accumulation of dissolved minerals like calcium oxalate and struvite in the inner lining of the kidneys. The size of these stones vary and these can be as large as a golf ball. Smaller stones usually go unnoticed and pass out of the body along with the urine whereas larger stones can get stuck in the urinary tract and need to be removed surgically. Treatment for kidney stones is offered at all the leading urology hospitals in Mumbai.
There are certain risk factors that can increase your vulnerability to developing kidney stones. These include:
· A family or personal history of kidney stone. If you have already had kidney stones in the past, there are slightly raised chances of developing them in future as well.
· Dehydration too can increase the risks of kidney stones which is the reason why people living in warm areas are at a higher risk of developing these.
· Excess intake of proteins, salt and sugar can elevate the levels of calcium in your kidneys thereby increasing the risks of kidney stones.
· Obese people too fall in the risk category.
Now the question arises, how can you differentiate kidney pain from normal back pain?
Kidney stones can be very painful. These can pass into the ureter and block the passage of urine, leading to urinary obstruction. This can result in a chronic kidney infection. The patient is likely to experience pain and discomfort on one side of the lower back or both sides. Sometimes the pain can even radiate to the lower abdomen and inner thighs. It is pertinent to note that back pain is not the only symptom of kidney stones and this may be accompanied by other symptoms which can help you to figure out whether your back pain is indicating kidney stones or not. Some of the common symptoms as listed by the best kidney specialist in Mumbai include:
· Traces of blood in the urine
· Nausea and vomiting
· Pungent smelling urine
· Cloudy and dark urine
· fluctuating body temperature
· cold sweats and chills
· frequent urination
· passing small amounts of urine
Back pain, on the other hand, is a result of some musculoskeletal disorder or disease and can be experienced in any part of the back. Although nerve pain can radiate to the lower limbs, muscle pain is usually localized. Back pain can range from acute to chronic and can get worse with movement. Back pain is usually associated with the following symptoms:
· Swollen or tender spot on the back
· Muscle spasm
· Weakness or numbness in the lower limbs
· Stiffness in the back
You can find the best doctors in Mumbai for treating both kidney stones as well as back pain and kidney transplant, however, it is important to recognize the symptoms and choose the right doctor accordingly.