As mentioned above, malaria can be of various types. The four main types of malaria are as follows:
- Plasmodium vivax (P.v.)
This is one of the most common types of malaria that exhibit flu-like symptoms. It is usually found in Asia and Latin America and can cause relapses.
- Plasmodium ovale (P.o)
Majorly occurring in Africa and the Pacific islands, this is the rarest type of malaria. It can also relapse as the parasite can live in the patient’s liver for up to 4 years causing them to be sick again.
- Plasmodium malariae (P.m)
Not a common type of malaria, Plasmodium malariae manifests itself with malaria fever and cold chills. It can cause a chronic infection.
- Plasmodium falciparum (P.f)
It is the most lethal type of malaria that can have adverse effects on the brain and central nervous system. Hence, it is vital to get malaria treatment immediately to save the patient.