Pediatric Diseases: What is It & Treatment Process?

By Dr. Tushar Maniar in Centre for Child Health

Apr 24 , 2023 | 3 min read

Children are least concerned about their health that’s why they are more prone to various ailments than others. In this blog, we are going to discuss various childhood illnesseswith an aim to create awareness, especially among parents so that every child is treated at the right time and with the best treatment. Due to the availability of top pediatric hospital in mumbai, the treatment of pediatric diseases has become much more convenient. These hospitals provide an expert team of doctors who use advanced technology and the latest approaches facilitating convenience, care and cure. 

Nanavati Max super speciality Hospital is one of the best hospitals in India that offers a cutting-edge treatment for a wide array of diseases ranging from childhood ailments to replacement surgeries to cancer treatments.

Types of pediatric diseases

Urinary Tract Infection (UTI)

Also known as a bladder infection, UTI is caused due to the presence of bacteria in the urinary tract. This is common among children, and its symptoms include pain or burning during urination, frequent urination and abdominal pain.In such circumstances, the doctors recommend to go for a test in which a urine sample is taken and then accordingly the treatment is recommended.

Common Cold

Common cold is caused by infection through a virus in the upper respiratory tract. Its symptoms include runny nose, congestion, and cough that may last for up to ten days. Antibiotics are generally not needed in common colds but if the doctor may suspect sinus infection then based on the symptoms or the physical exam treatment is decided.

Bacterial Sinusitis

This is a bacterial infection that is caused in the sinuses. These sinuses are hollow spaces in the bones of the face around the nose. This is marked by the inflammation of the mucus membrane lining that triggers symptoms which are similar to the common cold.

Hepatitis A

Hepatitis A is an infectious disease of the liver caused by a virus. It symptoms include jaundice, belly pain, dark urine, loss of appetite, vomiting, diarrhoea etc. This is caused due to eating or drinking something contaminated by poop from a person who has the virus.


Also known as the sixth disease, Roseola is a mild infection that affects children who are between 6 months to 2 years. It is a viral ailment which causes several days of high fever, followed by a distinctive rash just as the fever breaks.


It is a bacterial infection usually affecting children of the age of 2 to 5 years. Bacteria known as staphylococcus aureus or streptococcus pyogenes infect the outer layers of skin, called the epidermis. The face, arms, and legs are most often affected. One of the major symptoms of impetigo is reddish sores on the skin, especially near the nose and lips. These sores quickly grow into blisters, ooze and later burst and then form a yellowish crust.


Chicken pox is a contagious disease which is caused by a virus called varicella-zoster. This is one of the most common childhood ailments which cause reddish spots all over the body.Children suffering from chickenpox have high fever, headache and loss of appetite.


Mumps is a contagious disease caused by a viruswhich mostly affects children. In this, the salivary glands are swollen up leading to pain and comfort. Itsother symptoms are body ache, headache, fever, fatigue and loss of appetite. Generally, these appear in 2-3 weeks after the patient being infected.

Best pediatric doctors in Mumbai often advise parents to get their children immediately treated in order to control the symptoms of the disease in the initial period.


Medically Reviewed

Dr. Tushar H Maniar (Head Of Department - Child Health)

Dr. Tushar H Maniar is Head of Department, Child Health and with an experience of over 32 years in the field of Paediatrics and Neonatology. He specialises in Paediatric and Neonatal Infectious Diseases, Infant & Child nutrition, Growth & Development Evaluation among others. He has secured an MD in Paediatrics from Seth G.S.Medical College and Diploma in Child Health( D.C.H.) from the CPS, Mumbai.