Oral Cancer: Mouth Cancer Symptoms, Causes & Treatment in India

By Dr. Devendra Chaukar in Nanavati Max Institute of Cancer Care , Head, Face and Neck Cancer Program

Apr 24 , 2023 | 2 min read

Tobacco or alcohol consumption contributes to elevating aero-digestive tract cancer

A large number of people just ignore the cautions like “Smoking causes cancer” or “Alcohol consumption is injurious to health” and invite cancer in their life. Smoking or drinking habits can cause cancer to different body parts of the human body and can attack anyone irrespective of age and gender. Smoking or use of tobacco products or alcohol consumption increases the risk of developing cancer in the aero-digestive tract—the lips, mouth, larynx, pharynx, throat, oesophagus, thyroid gland, lungs, liver, colon, and so on.

Consumption of tobacco or smoking can form cancer inside the mouth cavity or on the lip as the uncontrollable growth of cells that invades and cause damage to surrounding tissue. Oral cancer is a cumulative word that includes different types of cancerous growth of the lips, tongue, cheeks, floor of the mouth, hard and soft palate, sinuses, and pharynx (throat). It appears as a growth or sore that doesn't heal, a lump, or a white or red patch on the inside of the mouth.

Laryngeal Cancer or Larynx cancer is a type of throat cancer in which your larynx or voice box gets affected. Again tobacco or alcohol consumption is one of the likely reasons for this kind of cancer.  In most cases, cancer starts from the squamous cells, which line the inside of the larynx and eventually cause unnatural growth. Some of the symptoms of laryngeal cancer are a sore throat or cough that does not go away, persistent change in your voice, pain or other trouble in swallowing ear pain, and so on.

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Among neck cancerthyroid cancer is one of the common types, which can be influenced by smoking or tobacco consumption. This type of cancer can be further categorized into different sub-types depending on the kinds of cells found in the tumour. Types of thyroid cancer include papillary thyroid cancer, follicular thyroid cancer, anaplastic thyroid cancer, and medullary thyroid cancer. Most thyroid cancers are very curable.

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Next is the Cancer oesophagus, the sixth most common cancer-causing death throughout the world. Oesophagal cancer causes abnormal call growth forming a tumour in the oesophagus that can grow to invade nearby structures and spread to other parts of the body. Moving on the list, lungs, bronchi, trachea cancer, colon or rectum cancer, and many other respiratory and digestive cancers can be caused by different forms of tobacco consumption and unlimited drinking.

With the advancement of oral cancer treatment procedures, a successful recovery from cancer is possible; but the most important aspect is the timely detection of the disease. The mode of oral cancer treatment, duration of treatment, and success ratio, everything depends on the stage of detection of the disease, appropriate treatment procedure, and many other related things. Several new technologies and drugs have been invented as an effective weapon to rid of this fatal disease.

Nanavati Max Hospital Mumbai is one of the best oral cancer hospitals in Mumbai that offer top-notch cancer treatment facilities including surgeries, chemotherapy, hormone therapy, radiotherapy, and so on to offer you the best possible result.