The team of highly experienced oncologists at Nanavati Max Hospital offers the most comprehensive personalized treatment to patients suffering from head, face, and neck cancer.
• Surgical process: The surgery removes the cancerous tumour with some surrounding healthy tissues to eliminate cancer from the body.
o Excision: To remove a cancerous tumour with some surrounding healthy tissue, composite resections, and organ preservation surgeries, with or without lymph node dissections (removal of the cancerous lymph nodes in the neck).
o Reconstructive surgery: If major tissue removal is required such as removing the jaw, tongue, skin, or pharynx, then reconstructive is done to correct the anatomical defects. This is aimed at functional and cosmetic rehabilitation after major head and neck surgery.
o Laser technology: Using advanced laser equipment, an early-stage tumour of the larynx and oral cavity can be effectively treated.
• Radiation Therapy: Radiation therapy is a very important tool used in the fight against can-cer and the treatment of as many as 50% of all cancer patients. Radiation can be given post-operatively and post-chemotherapy for local control and palliation of distant metastases. Radiation therapy is often given in locally advanced cancers where surgical intervention or chemotherapy is not possible. Radiation therapy is a safe & effective procedure where radioactive isotopes or high-energy photons, electrons or other particles are used to destroy the cancer cells. There are two types of radiation
o External Beam Radiotherapy (EBRT)
o Brachytherapy or interstitial (HDR)
Radiation Oncologist is the specialised doctor for this treatment. Radiotherapy regimens or schedules and protocols are specific for different tumours and hence the time for treatment differs from case to case.
• Chemotherapy: Treatment that uses drugs to stop the growth of cancer cells, either by kill-ing the cells or by stopping them from dividing. Chemotherapy is usually given to a patient either by mouth, through injection, or infusion, depending on the type and stage of the cancer being treated. It is used to downsize the tumour to enable surgery and can also be used post-surgery in certain cases. Chemotherapy forms a major modality for inoperable, advanced, and widespread cancers for effective-control of the disease.
• Targeted Therapy: Targeted therapy works by targeting cancer’s specific genes, proteins, or the tissue environment that contributes to cancer growth and survival. These proteins and genes are found in cancer cells or other types of cells that are related to cancer growth, like blood vessel cells. Targeted therapy is used by itself or along with chemotherapy, radiation therapy, and immunotherapy.
• Immunotherapy: Cancer immunotherapy is the artificial stimulation of the immune system to treat cancer, improving the immune system's natural ability to fight cancer. It is consid-ered as a fundamental application of the research of cancer immunology and are growing subspecialty of oncology.