Neurological Disorders: What is It, Types And Symptoms?

By Dr. Pradyumna J. Oak in Centre for Neurosciences , Neurosciences Intensive Care Unit (CCU 4)

Apr 24 , 2023 | 3 min read

Some of the most common neurological disorders include strokes, neuropathy, Alzheimer’s disease and Parkinson’s disease. Having a neurological disease can adverse effectively not just on the patient’s life but also the lives of others. So, it is very imperative that one should seek medical assistance from the best neurologist in Mumbai as soon as possible when detected any neurological symptoms.

Is Neurological Disorder Directly Proportional to Ageing?

Change is a universal truth, so our body changes as we age.

Along with these visible changes, our brains and central nervous system too experience changes both positives and negatives and the negative ones are known as Neurological disorder.

Also Read About best neurology hospital in mumbai

Types of neurological disorder

5 more common neurological disorders;

  • Neuropathy

Being a nerve disorder, the patient experience numbness and weakness often affecting the hands and feet. This can be the result of diseases like diabetes, as well as medications and other causes.

  • Alzheimer’s Disease

Alzheimer is a form of dementia, it leads to the destruction of cells in the brain and ultimately interferes with a person’s most basic mental and physical functions.  

  • Parkinson’s Disease

Parkinson’s Disease involves the malfunction and death of vital nerve cells in the brain. However, this can be treated by proper medication and surgery to manage symptoms.

  • Stroke

A person suffers from a stroke when the blood supply to a part of the brain is suddenly interrupted or when a blood vessel in the brain bursts. This involves face drooping, arm weakness, and speech difficulty.

5 Symptoms of Neurological Diseases;

  • Experiencing Pain

Pain is one of the most common symptoms of neurological diseases. This involves different types of pain such as back pain, neck pain, or the pain in the muscles and joints. At the same time, chronic headaches are also a part of neurological symptoms. This can be of course due to the old age.

  • Difficulty in Memorizing?

Sometimes you or any other person whom you have seen might be facing difficulty in memorizing information, this can be due to lack of concentration power. This involves changes that a person might suffer from the disease such as Agnosia. However, this happens due to old age thus, becomes imperative to treat it medically. Also, there are times when the long-term memory often remains intact, but the short-term memories fade away from the person’s mind.

  • Unable to Sleep Properly?

Sleep problem can be sometimes a neurological symptom. Insomnia and Hypersomnia are the two commonly known sleep disorders that can critically affect your health. These disorders then give way to anxiety that again is another symptom of neurological disorders.

  • Numbness

Partial or complete loss of sensation is defined as numbness. In such a situation, the person is not able to feel any sensation. They may not be able to use their body part properly and hence have difficulties in balance, coordination, walking, and driving or doing any other physical work. 

  • Unable to See Properly?

This happens when there is some damage to the brain's occipital lobe that controls the vision, a person may get affected by the partial or complete loss of vision. The neurological vision impairment has symptoms such as blurry or hazy vision, double vision, photophobia (a problem in bright light), etc.

If you have doubt or suffering from any such problem then it is better to take the medical advice by the best neurologist in India as many good options are available in the city.

Can Neurological Sisorders Be Prevented?

Self-management is the key to prevent any kind of disorder or disease. This involves active lifestyle, proper diet as this reduces the risk of high blood pressure, high cholesterol and obesity.

So, it is imperative to take proper treatment from the best hospital in India


Medically Reviewed

Dr. Pradyumna Oak (Director & Head - Neurology)

Dr. Pradyumna Oak is the Director and Head of Neurology with an experience of over 20 years of. He has vast experience in Acute Stroke Management & Neuro Intervention. He was instrumental in setting up a State-of-the-art Stroke Unit & Neuro ICU at Nanavati Max Hospital with a door-to-needle time of fewer than 30 minutes.