Different Types And Causes Of Kidney Disease - Nanavati-Max Super Speciality Hospital, Vile Parle(W), Mumbai, India

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Kidney Diseases: Different Types and Causes


Every organ has its own importance and its proper functioning is crucial for your wellbeing. The same goes with kidneys; a pair of two plays an important role in the human body and at the same time performs various multiple and complex functions.

Some of the functions are listed below:

  1. Keeps a balance of water and minerals in your blood
  2. Removes waste from your blood after digestion, muscle activity, and exposure to chemicals or medications
  3. Make renin, which your body uses to help manage your blood pressure
  4. Make a chemical called erythropoietin, which prompts your body to make red blood cells

When your kidney is damaged, all these functions do not take place properly which as a result adversely affects your body. Due to the collection of waste products and fluid, swelling in your ankle occurs. Other symptoms can be nausea, weakness, poor sleep, and shortness of breath. If not treated at the right time, the situation may get worse. Best nephrologists in India often recommend immediate treatment to prevent further complications.

Types of kidney diseases and their causes

There are the following different types of kidney diseases and their causes.

1. Chronic kidney disease

CKD is the medical abbreviation of chronic kidney disease. It is one of the most common types of kidney disease. Being a long-term condition, it doesn’t improve over time, which is why needs to be treated in the best kidney hospital in Mumbai as the region offers some good options. High blood pressure is the most common cause of CKD.

High blood pressure has an adverse effect on the kidneys because it can increase the pressure on the glomeruli which are the tiny blood vessels in the kidneys where blood is cleaned. Over time, the increased pressure damages these vessels, and kidney functions begin to decline.

This will eventually deteriorate the kidney functions and will reach a point where the kidneys can no longer perform their job properly. In this case, a person would need to go on dialysis. Other than dialysis, a kidney transplant is another option to treat CKD depending on your circumstances.

Another major cause of chronic kidney disease is diabetes. This causes an increased level of sugar in the blood which damages the blood vessels in the kidneys over time. This makes the kidneys unable to clean the blood, thus leading to kidney failure as your body becomes overloaded with toxins.

2. Kidney stones

Kidney stones are another common kidney problem. They occur when minerals and other substances in the blood crystallize, forming solid masses called stones. They usually come out of the body during urination, but passing them can be extremely painful. They rarely cause significant problems.

3. Urinary tract infections

These are bacterial infections that are caused in any part of the urinary system. Generally, infections in the bladder and urethra are the most common. Their medical treatment is easy, so these do not lead to health problems. But if left untreated, these infections can spread to the kidneys and cause kidney failure.

4. Polycystic kidney disease

This can be defined as a genetic disorder that leads to the growth of numerous cysts in the kidneys. These cysts hinder kidney functions and thus end up causing kidney failure.

5. Glomerulonephritis

The inflammation caused in the glomeruli is called Glomerulonephritis. These are extremely small structures inside the kidneys that filter the blood. Infections, drugs, or congenital abnormalities are some major causes.

All the above kidney diseases are really serious and if not treated at the right time can worsen the condition. Best hospitals in Mumbai offer a specialized center for treatment which is managed by an expert team of doctors. Due to the sea change in technology, treating these kidney diseases has become much easier for doctors as well as for patients.

Author Bio

Dr. Jatin Kothari (Director Nephrology & Chief Consultant)

Dr. Jatin Kothari, Director Nephrology & Chief Consultant, Renal Transplant Medicine, Nanavati Max Super Speciality Hospital is one of India's foremost nephrologists with experience spanning over 25 years. He is considered an authority on Dialysis and living, deceased, swap or domino transplantation.