Liver Transplant Preoperative Details
A doctor prepares a patient for liver transplant surgery by prescribing some medicines a week or two before the surgery to avoid any sort of complications during or after the surgery.
Liver Transplant Operative Details
The liver transplantation procedure consists of three different operations which are as follows.
Donor Operation: Harvesting The Liver From The Donor
It is the first operation of the liver transplant procedure which involves the harvesting of the liver from a donor. This harvested liver is then replaced with the diseased liver of the patient. Liver harvesting can be done from two different types of donors:
- Deceased Donor (Cadaver): An unfortunate person who has suffered an irreversible brain injury/ brain death.
- Living Donor: A healthy family member or someone else whose blood type is a good match with a living donor.
After harvesting the liver from a donor, our team of doctors aims at keeping the organ in working condition with the help of life support" devices and medication. The organ is kept alive using ice and a special solution until it is used for transplant. In the case of the liver, it is advisable to transplant it within six hours of its removal.
Recipient Operation: Removing The Recipient's Damaged Liver
It is the second operation that involves the surgical removal of a diseased/damaged liver from a patient’s body by making a curved incision in the upper part of a patient’s abdomen.
Implantation Of The Donor’s Liver Into The Recipient
It is the third and final operation that involves replacing the patient’s liver with the donor’s liver. After the transplant, the doctor connects the suture (stitch) of the new liver to the patient’s blood vessels and bile ducts.