We at the Centre for Reconstructive Plastic Surgery, deal with restoration of form & function of a deformed body part. The deformation can be a result of either congenital malformations that are present from birth, such as cleft lip and palate, webbed fingers, extra fingers and toes, skin growths, etc. or acquired deformities resulting from accidents (such as vehicular accidents, workplace injuries) cancer (such as breast cancer, head and neck cancer, skin cancer, oral cancer), acute burns & burn deformities and deformities post-surgery like hernias, burn scars, hand injuries, facial injuries, and amputations.
The major goal of reconstructive surgery is to restore normalcy in form and function. Our team of highly experienced plastic surgeons follows a multidisciplinary approach in conjunction with other specialities to provide the most comprehensive care. We at Nanavati Max Hospital offer state-of-the-art facilities, advanced technology, fully-equipped operating rooms and a dedicated ICU.
Some of the major reconstructive plastic surgery modalities include:
1. Skin Grafting
It is a type of surgery that involves the transfer of skin from one part of the patient’s body to the other. The skin is removed from one area of the body and moved or transplanted to a different area to cover large wounds or skin damage due to burns, injury, or illness. Skin grafts are performed under the effect of anaesthesia.The place from where the skin is taken is allowed to heal on its own.
2. Flap Reconstruction Surgery
It is one of the advanced surgical processes in which the skin and underlying tissues are transferred along with its blood vessels to the deformed area. The plastic surgeon may decide to use tissues adjacent to the deformity or from a completely different area of the body (free flap), according to the extent of the defect. When tissues more than skin are lost in a particular area due to cancer or injury this procedure is invaluable to replace the loss.Mostly, it is conducted for breast reconstruction with the use of patient’s own tissues which are used to rebuild the shape of the breast.
3. Reconstructive Microsurgery
It is an advanced microsurgical procedure where surgeons use specialised operating microscopes and other precision instrumentation to perform intricate surgeries. Under microscopic magnification, the surgeon works with small blood vessels and nerves to restore blood and nerve supply. This technique has multiple applications such as:
4. Free Flap Surgery
Free flap surgery involves transplantation of tissues from one site of the body to another to treat the existing defect. The skin along with the underlying fat, muscle and/or bone is transferred along with its blood vessels to a new area. The blood vessels are reattached under magnification of a microscope to restore blood flow. This surgery is done when the defect is large and complicated.
5. Replantation Surgery
It involves surgical reattachment of parts like fingers, hand, arm, foot, leg, ears, scalp, and penis that have been completely severed (cut down) from a patient’s body due to injury. The goal of the surgery is to reposition the detached portion of the patient’s body to its normal location and function.
6. Tissue Expansion
Tissue expansion follows the principle of replacing “like with like”. This technique is used when hair-bearing skin or facial skin needs to be replaced thus maintaining colour match and aesthetic appearance of the deformed part. A tissue expander (expansion like a balloon) is a foreign body which is placed under the skin and inflated gradually over a few weeks. The overlying skin stretches and can be used to cover the defect after removing the expander.
A variety of foreign implants are used in plastic surgery. These include metal implants used for treating fractures, silicone implants used for cosmetic surgery and dental implants. The implants may be temporary or permanent.
8. Microsurgical Breast Reconstruction
It is an advanced surgical procedure that is used as a part of breast cancer treatment. After removal of the part or whole of a breast for cancer
It involves transferring of tissue (skin and fat) from the affected part of the patient’s body (breast) to the chest for reconstruction. This transplantation process requires the use of a microscope to connect small blood vessels. The surgeon during the surgery takes skin, fat, and muscle from the patient’s own body to create a new breast mound and reconstruct the breast.
Our mission is to provide our patients with a full range of state-of-the-art reconstructive surgical treatment in a comfortable and safe environment. We strive to offer the most comprehensive inpatient and outpatient facilities to both adult and paediatric patients.
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If you are facing any similar signs or symptoms please contact the Nanavati Max team to schedule an appointment at : +91 22 6836 0000