Best Kidney Stone Treatment in Mumbai, India

The Stone Clinic at Nanavati Max Super Speciality Hospital is a specialised clinic offering comprehensive care to patients suffering from conditions associated with kidney stones. Our team of expert nephrologists, urologists, anesthesiologists, and other support staff follow a multidisciplinary approach to offering patient-centric care using the latest technology and preventive techniques to treat kidney stones.

Our clinic is well-equipped with state-of-the-art facilities to evaluate, diagnose, treat, and manage kidney stones. Our doctors evaluate the metabolic profile of every patient for stone causation and develop a treatment plan tailored according to a patient’s unique medical needs. Every step we take with respect to the surgical aspects of the kidney stone treatment is discussed and explained to each of our patients.

Kidney stones also called renal calculi, are the hard, tiny, crystalline mineral particles that are found within the kidney and urine clump of a patient. With time these crystalline particles convert into stones due to various factors.

Types of Kidney Stone

-  Calcium stones: These are the most common type of kidney stones. These stones are usually available in the form of calcium oxalate.

-  Struvite stones: These stones form in response to urinary tract infection.

-  Uric acid stones: Loss of excess fluid due to conditions such as chronic diarrhoea or metabolic syndrome.

-  Cystine stones: These stones are detected in patients diagnosed with cystinuria.

Signs and Symptoms of Kidney Stone

The most common kidney stone symptoms are : 

- Nausea

- Experiencing pain while urinating

- Fever or chills

- Seeing blood in the urine

- Urine that smells bad and appears cloudy (at times)

- Facing difficulty while urinating

Kidney Stone Causes

The most common causes of kidney stones include calcium, oxalate, uric acid, phosphate, cystine, and xanthine.

Possible Complication of Kidney Stone

- Life-threatening conditions like blood poisoning

- Loss of kidney function

- Permanent kidney failure due to renal scarring

- Bladder blockage

Kidney Stone Treatment

Some of the major minimally invasive procedures performed at the clinic for the removal of a kidney stone include:

  • Extracorporeal Shock Wave Lithotripsy (ESWL) Services:Considered as one of the latest kidney stone treatment options, this process involves the use of a machine called a lithotripter for the disintegration of stones. The machine produces shock waves that are projected over the kidney in such a manner that their maximum energy is dispersed at the locale of the stone for stone disintegration
  • PCNL (Percutaneous Nephrolithotomy): The procedure is used to remove stones from the body by using thin flexible device scope which is surgically inserted into the kidney through a small incision and break up the stones using a special instrument. It works well for all types of stones but is generally used to remove large stones. The scope used is usually a laparoscope having a full HD camera on its top.
  • Ureteroscopy With Holmium/EHL Laser:In this process, the surgeon use ureteroscope for performing the procedure. The ureteroscope has a camera on its tip which, when inserted in the urethra by making a small incision; produce its HD image on the monitor. The surgeon then uses a laser to break the stone seen on the monitor. These broken stones are easily removed out of the body with the urine.

These minimally invasive surgical procedures are performed under the effect of anaesthesia in an operating theatre. After the surgery, the patient is discharged at the very same day and he/she may resume his/her everyday exercises instantly.

Post Procedure Instructions To Prevent Recurrence Of Stone

Our nephrologists evaluate a patient by doing investigations like 24 hour urine calcium, phosphorus, uric acid, citrate, vitamin D, serum PTH, and dietary analysis by an expert dietician. On the basis of these investigations and dietary analysis, the kidney stone treatment plan is designed to prevent recurrence of stone in future.

Precautions for Kidney Stone

The following measures will help to prevent kidney stones:

- Drink combination of fresh lime juice and water

- Drinks like tea, and coffee

- Avoid fizzy drinks

- Reduce salt (consult your physician if required)

Kidney Stone Risks

Risk factors linked to kidney stones include:

- Presence of kidney stones in family history

- Dehydration especially in warm climate

- High protein, salt, and sugar

- Obesity

- Digestive diseases

- Supplements and medications such as vitamin C, calcium-based antacids, and dietary supplements


The prognosis of patients with kidney stones is a good one. Patients need to take care of their eating habits and lifestyle as there is a risk of recurrence of this condition in the patients.


The kidney stones formation starts with increased crystal forming substances in the urine as compared to the dilution capacity. Some of these substances include calcium, oxalate, and uric acid.

Typical Test

The most common kidney stone tests include Computed tomography (CT) scan, abdominal x-ray, blood tests, and urinalysis.

Our Medical Experts

If you are facing any similar signs or symptoms please contact the Nanavati Max team to schedule an appointment at : +91 22 6836 0000

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