Asthma & Allergy Unit

Asthma Treatment in Mumbai, India

The Asthma & Allergy Unit at Nanavati Max Super Speciality Hospital is a part of Centre for Chest & Respiratory Diseases. It is a comprehensive unit offering advanced care for patients suffering from various complicated conditions related to asthma, allergic disorders and immunodeficiency.

Our unit is well-equipped with state-of-the-art facilities and provides a full range of diagnostic and therapeutic services to both adult and paediatric patients. Our multidisciplinary team of asthma specialists, allergists, otolaryngologists, pulmonologists and other experts are highly trained to provide skilled medical and consultative care for a wide range of allergic and immunologic conditions. We strive to provide a patient-centric treatment plan to cater to the unique medical needs of each patient.

With an accurate diagnosis and highly-advanced, effective treatments we strive to significantly improve your quality of life and deliver outstanding outcomes.

Types of Asthma & Allergy

Major conditions we treat under Asthma & Allergy Unit include:

  • Adult-Onset Asthma
  • Allergen immunotherapy
  • Allergic Asthma
  • Allergic rhinitis (also called hay fever)
  • Anaphylaxis
  • Angioedema
  • Asthma Attack
  • Asthma-COPD overlap (ACO)
  • Atopic Eczema (Dermatitis)
  • Childhood Asthma
  • Desensitization to medications
  • Exercise-Induced Bronchoconstriction (EIB)
  • Food Allergy and Food Intolerance
  • Insect Allergy
  • Night-time Asthma
  • Non-Allergic Asthma
  • Occupational Asthma
  • Pet Allergy
  • Pollen Allergy
  • Seasonal allergies
  • Skin Allergy
  • Urticaria/hives

Stages of Asthma & Allergy

The stages associated with asthma include:

- Intermittent

- Mild persistent

- Moderate persistent

- Severe persistent

Signs and Symptoms of Asthma & Allergy

A person suffering from allergic conditions may experience symptoms like:

  • Chest tightness
  • Coughing
  • Family history of allergy/asthma
  • Problem in breathing
  • Shortness of breath
  • Wheezing

Causes of Asthma & Allergy

Some of the common causes associated with allergic asthma include:

- Dust mite feces

- Cockroach feces

- Mold spores and fragments

- Pollen from trees (windblown)

Possible Complication of Asthma & Allergy

- Facing problems with routine activities such as exercising

- Anxiety, depression

- Severe asthma attacks

- Pneumonia, other respiratory conditions (in severe cases)

- Airway remodelling

- Weight gain

Asthma & Allergy Treatment Procedures

Living with allergies and asthma can be irritating and may lead to discomfort. We at the unit help you overcome these problems and offer complete care, which involves:

  • Understanding your medical condition
  • Recognising the patient’s signs and symptoms
  • Learning about triggers causing asthma and how to avoid them
  • Comprehensive treatment

Patients experiencing asthma and allergy have to undergo some diagnostic tests which include a skin prick test, blood tests, spirometry test, peak flow tests, and lung function tests to check for allergies. According to these diagnostic results, a doctor will evaluate a patient’s condition and design an effective treatment plan. Some major asthma & allergy treatment in Mumbai treatment options we offer at the unit include:

Medical Treatment

A doctor may prescribe you medication that can effectively treat your condition. These include:

  • Short-acting inhalers (helps in opening airways for a shorter period)
  • Long-acting inhalers (helps in opening airways for a longer period)
  • Leukotriene modifiers Montelukast
  • Corticosteroids in the form of an inhaler

However, in addition to this, your doctor may prescribe other medications that will help in reducing the response of the body, when exposed to allergens.

Therapeutic Treatment

  • Allergy shots (immunotherapy):  It is an advanced therapy that helps in reducing your immune system's response to certain allergy triggers. During the treatment, a patient is given a regular injection of a tiny amount of the allergens that trigger your symptoms. Over time, your immune system develops a tolerance against it and your allergic reaction diminishes.

Anti-immunoglobulin E (IgE) therapy:  When you are prone to a certain allergic reaction, then your immune system mistakenly identifies some specific substance as harmful and tends to release antibodies known as IgE against the culprit allergen. However, to interfere with the IgE your doctor may provide Anti-immunoglobulin E (IgE) therapy in the form of medication such as omalizumab, that interferes with IgE and helps prevent the allergic reaction.

Precautions for Asthma & Allergy

- Identify and stay away from asthma triggers such as air pollution, exercise, sinusitis, and smoke

- Prevent cold and avoid coming in contact with someone who is suffering from cold or flu

- Opt for the recommended vaccinations

- Consume asthma medications as per physician’s recommendations

Risks of Asthma & Allergy

The most common risk factors linked with asthma include:

- If a parent is diagnosed with asthma, then there is a 3-6 times chance to acquire the asthmatic condition.

- Obesity

- Allergies such as eczema and hay fever

- Viral respiratory infections

- Occupational exposures such as dust, vapours, and chemical fumes

- Air pollution

Prognosis

One of the best parts associated with the prognosis of asthma is that if a patient takes care of his health and lifestyle, then there are decent chances of having a fairly long life.

Diagnosis and Typical Test for Asthma & Allergy

The specific IgE test is the most common medical test to determine the diagnosis of allergic asthma.

Pathophysiology

Certain pathophysiology factors linked with asthma include bronchial inflammation with airway constriction, wheezing, and shortness of breath.

Our Medical Experts

If you are facing any similar signs or symptoms please contact the Nanavati Max team to schedule an appointment at : +91 22 6836 0000

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