Photodynamic therapy refers to a procedure of cancer treatment where chemicals known as photosensitizers are used along with light to treat the affected area. Photosensitizers can kill the surrounding cells when they come in contact with specific light wavelengths. Toxic oxygen species are created because of their combination that kills the targeted cancer cells. It treats the below-mentioned diseases:
Cancerous or infected cells
The procedure is performed in the OPD of Nanavati Max Healthcare, which does not require you to seek admission to the hospital or stay for longer hours. During each procedure, you stay awake as anaesthesia is not needed under normal circumstances. There are numerous ways to perform the procedure. The oncologist at Nanavati Max Healthcare injects a photosensitizer agent into your blood using an intravenous or a normal injection. The agent differs depending on the target area or treatment specificities.
You have to revisit the doctor after an interval for the procedural recurrence.
Once the agents are applied to the affected area, your oncologist will shed the laser light for creating toxic oxygen species. These oxygen species will kill the cancer cells.
Provided your skin gets treatment, it will remain covered for a day. Defer from knocking or scratching the treated area, and always keep it dry. Once the bandage gets removed, you can bathe normally, needing to pat dry after a wash. Your oncologist at Nanavati Max Healthcare will give you a specific follow-up appointment or procedure date.
After the treatment, do not expose your body to sunlight or bright lights indoors. Please do not go to places, including beaches, that reflect sunlight as it affects the treated area. Wear sunglasses and a hat to guard your facial and neck region. Covering the area with a sterilized cloth is an ideal solution in such cases.
The procedure might induce the following risks and side effects:
Some people heal the same day without any side effects. Consequently, the recovery takes around 2-6 weeks after the procedure is performed. The recovery time allows the oncologist to decide about the next session. If any tools are used during the procedure, one may feel raw, itchy, or sore in the area where the tool was used, but it is not a major concern. There may be minor side effects upon contact with sunlight like swelling, redness, rash, or blistering. This happens because the photosynthesizing agent is on the skin or in the blood, making the patient more sensitive to light. To prevent this discomfort, avoid going out in direct sunlight, wear a hat to protect the face and neck when stepping out, and cover the affected area with clothing to block direct contact with light.