Most Common Cancer In Women & Its Symptoms

By Dr. Hemant B. Tongaonkar in Nanavati Max Institute of Cancer Care , Gynaecological Oncology Program

Apr 24 , 2023 | 2 min read

Some cancers are considered as female cancer as they develop in a woman’s reproductive system, which involves the uterus, fallopian tubes, ovaries, cervix, vagina, and vulva. The most common types of gynecologic cancers are endometrial cancer, ovarian cancer, and cervical cancer. And comparatively less frequent gynecologic cancers are uterine cancer, vaginal cancer, and vulvar cancer. Apart from these, breast cancer is another most frequently occurring cancer in women. In fact, breast cancer is 100 times more common in women than in men.

For complete cure and stop reoccurrences of cancer, early detection of the disease is an important criterion. Multiple screening and diagnostic techniques are in practice for the detection of different types of gynecologic cancers and breast cancer. Some of the commonly used techniques are

  • Pap smear, a standard screening test for cervical cancer
  • Mammogram, the best test to find breast cancer
  • Human Papillomavirus (HPV) test
  • Endometrial biopsy 
  • Sonography abdomen pelvis.
  • CA 125 a tumor marker can be used in support of diagnosis of ovarian cancer 

Cancer treatments are getting better day-by-day and women have many more options today than ever before. Women with gynecologic cancer are treated in several ways depending on the type of cancer and how far it has spread. The major treatment procedures include surgery, chemotherapy, and radiation therapy. Generally, women with gynecologic cancer get more than one kind of treatment. Oncologists prefer to conduct surgery to remove the cancer tissues, followed by chemotherapy or radiation therapy to kill the remaining cancer cells.

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For women with endometrial cancer and ovariancancer,  doctors prefer to conduct a hysterectomy in addition to removal of ovaries and lymph nodes. If cancer has spread to other areas, then additional treatment like chemotherapy or radiation therapy is needed. Several women with endometrial cancer have cured by receiving appropriate treatment.

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Similarly, for breast cancer, surgery and radiation therapy are used to remove or destroy the disease within the breast and nearby tissues, such as lymph nodes. On the other hand, chemotherapy, hormone therapy, targeted therapy, and immunotherapy are used to destroy or control cancer cells all over the body.

Breast cancer surgery can broadly be classified into two types. Surgery that removes the whole breast is called a mastectomy, and another type of surgery that removes just the tumor and tissues around it is called a lumpectomy or breast-conserving surgery.

The oncologists determine the mode of cancer treatment in women depending on the type of cancer the patient is suffering from, its stage, whether the cancer cells are sensitive to hormones, the overall health of the patient, and her own preferences.

When it comes to top-notch cancer treatment for women with the best oncologists, skilled surgeons, and latest equipment, Nanavati Max Hospital Mumbai is one of the most suitable options for women throughout the nation. Along with top-notch doctors, deep expertise in surgical procedures, chemotherapy, radiation therapy, and hormonal therapy delivers the best-in-class cancer treatment to the patients.

Medically Reviewed

Dr. Hemant Tongaonkar (Sr Director - Urologic & Gynaecologic Oncosurgery & Head – Surgical Oncology)

Dr. Hemant Tongaonkar, Senior Director, Surgical Oncology, Nanavati Max Institute of Cancer Care is one of India's foremost Urologic and Gynaecologic Onco-surgeon. He has been rewarded with various awards including Rashtriya Rattan Award for outstanding contribution to Oncology and Dr. C. K. P. Menon Award of the Urological Society of India. Dr. Hemant Tongaonkar pursued degree of MBBS from University of Mumbai, Mumbai, MS (General Surgery) from University of Mumbai, Mumbai and Fellowship (Urologic and Gynaecologic Oncology) from Tata Memorial Hospital, Mumbai in.