Many medical conditions are a result of unhealthy lifestyle which need to be treated immediately by making healthy lifestyle modifications.In this blog, we are going to provide information about PCOS, its symptoms, causes, effects and treatmentwith an aim to create awareness.
Well PCOS stands for polycystic ovary syndrome which can be defined as a condition of hormonal imbalance. It is also a lifestyle disorder and women who are in their reproductive age (15-44 years) are prone to the same. This leads to excess secretion of the male hormone which in turn results in prolonged menstrual periods or sometimes it get skipped, thus making it harder to get pregnant. Here, the ovaries of women may develop numerous small collections of fluid known as follicles and fail to regularly release eggs. This causes acne, unwanted body and facial hair, health problems like diabetes and high blood pressure. It is to be noted that the exact cause of the disorder is still unknown.
Best doctors in Mumbai often adviseto get immediately treated as early diagnosis along with weight loss may reduce the risk of long-term complications such as type 2 diabetes and heart disease. Also, medications like birth control pills and diabetes drugs can help fix the hormone imbalance and improve symptoms.
When to see a doctor?
Due to lack of awareness about PCOS, often women are unknown if they are suffering from the same. There are certain symptoms listed below which help you to identify this condition well.
- Irregular period
- Hair growth
- Heavy bleeding
- Weight gain
- Darkening of the skin
- Excess of androgen
- Polycystic ovaries
What causes PCOS?
As mentioned above, the exact cause of PCOS isn’t known, but the following factors may play an important role in triggering the same.
1. Excess insulin
Excessive production of insulin leads ovaries to make more androgen hormones such as testosterone which causes difficulty in ovulation.
Heredity can be a cause of PCOS as according to research certain genes might be linked to PCOS.
3. Excess androgen
The ovaries produce abnormally high levels of androgen, which results in hirsutism and acne.
How does PCOS affect your body?
PCOS severely affect your reproductive health. It hinders your ovulation i.e. you do not produce as many eggs as a normal woman does to be fertilized, this leads to difficulty in pregnancy.
Though many women suffering from PCOS getpregnant in fact,doctors of top Gynaecology hospitals in Mumbai recommend to lose weight, make healthy lifestyle modifications and take necessary medications in order to control the symptoms, thus help in achieving pregnancy.
2. Endometrial cancer
In a normal situation the uterine lining sheds but if you do not ovulate every month, the lining can build up which can augment the risk for endometrial cancer.
PCOS leads to darkening your skin, develops acne and hirsutism and much more that usually causes inferiority complex which results in depression and anxiety.
Losing weight by performing exercises, maintaining diet and making healthy lifestyle modifications can best treat PCOS. One can also take the help of medications if needed. It is important to note that it cannot be permanently cured but its symptoms and can be managed or controlled. Best hospitals in India provide an expert team of doctors who not only treat the patients but counsel them about the disorder or disease, its treatments and after-effects in order to get mentally prepared.
Dr. Gayatri Deshpande (Sr Consultant - Obstetrics & Gynaecology)
Dr. Gayatri Deshpande, Senior Consultant, Gynaecology and Obstetrician, and Robotic, Laparoscopic Surgeon Nanavati Max Super Speciality Hospital has an experience of over 20 years. She has been practicing Gynaecological Laparoscopy since 19 years and has performed more than 5000 Laparoscopic surgeries. She is one of the handful robotic gynaecological surgeon of Mumbai and has performed thousands of successful surgeries.